Song of Roland and Sarraguce (modern day Zaragoza/Saragossa) Spain
Charles the King, our Lord and Sovereign,
Full seven years hath sojourned in Spain,
Conquered the land, and won the western main,
Now no fortress against him doth remain,
No city walls are left for him to gain,
Save Sarraguce, that sits on high mountain.
Marsile its King, who feareth not God's name,
Mahumet's man, he invokes Apollin's aid,
Nor wards off ills that shall to him attain.
The city of Zaragoza –referred to as Sarraguce in this medieval French epic poem- is mentioned numerous times, including on these, its very first opening lines. The Song of Roland tells of Charlemagne’s battles against the Muslims in Spain. After seven years of fighting, the city of Saragossa/Zaragoza is the last one still under Muslim rule. The Song of Roland narrates the peace negotiations, betrayal, battles, and heroic deeds of Roland and his army as they attempt to bring Zaragoza, and its region, under Frankish rule. The epic’s main event centers on the famous Battle of Roncesvalles (Roncevaux).
Anonymous (mid 11th century), The Song of Roland. Translator: C. K. (Charles Kenneth) Moncrieff. Posting Date: July 20, 2008 [EBook #391] Release Date: January, 1996. By www.gutenberg.net